Legacy: Greek Culture in Present-Day United States


hey, i tried putting the picture sites on the bibliography, but its not working. can one of you give me your email address so that you can try putting the links on? or if not, i can give you the links in class so that you can help put it on. i think it is my computer that is the problem. if you see this, or can do it, can you say that below.. so that i know that? thanks -jess

Government -Maria

The Greek government evolved from a monarchy, to an oligarchy, to a dictatorship, and then to a democracy. The Greek democracy, of which the United States' constitutional republic is based upon, consists of an assembly containing all citizens and a council of 500 select citizens. Both the United States' and the Ancient Greeks' government was based upon three branches of government: the legislative branch, the executive branch, and the judicial branch. The United States also used the Greek idea of giving power to the people. The Ancient Greek government had so many good points in it that not much of it was edited when used in the United States.

Economics-Steven

The ancient Greek economy was fully different from today's US economy; the Greeks were not investors or capitalists, but instead only made enough to get along, instead trying to create leisure time for themselves.

Religion-Maria

The Greeks had a rather interesting religion, consisting of many, many gods who were not only anthropomorphic but also inferior to humans. Many heroes were also worshipped along with their gods, all of which appear in today's culture as well. Pieces of literature, like The Odyssey , The Illiad , Oedipus Rex , and Antigone , are still read today. In addition, many objects in the present world are named after characters in Greek mythology: ("Niobium," a chemical element named after Niobe; "Tantalum," a chemical element named after Tantalos;"Titanium," a chemical element named after the mythological Titans; "Hercules", a city named after Heracles;"Apollo 11" and "Apollo 13", spaceships named after a Greek god--just to name a few.) Also, many words are derived from Greek religion, such as "atlas" (from a Greek god) and "odyssey" (from Odysseus' journey)

Society-Jessica

The Athenians believed that the women should be housekeepers and take care of the family. That influenced the US too. Usually, the women would run and take care of the family.
They also did the Olympic Games. They did their Olympic Games for the gods and goddesses and now, we still play the events, but just not for the gods and goddesses. They play for competition now.

Thoughts and Learning-Steven

The Greek philosophers were quite advanced in their thinking, both in science and in math.
Euclid, for instance, published a geometry book that is the groundwork for the geometry still taught in classes today. Pythagoras published the Pythagorean theorem, used for finding right triangles. Archimedes also developed many simple machines, including the Archimedes Screw and the pulley, which are the basis for most machines today. He also derived Pi accurately. Aristotle began the classification of plants and animals, founding the science of biology. Eratosthenes discovered that the earth was round and calculated its equator to within 1% of the value scientists use today. Aristarchus also submitted the idea that the solar system was heliocentric. Hippocrates was the first to prescribe treatments after examining a patient, and his Hippocratic oath is followed by doctors today. The Greeks were amazingly accurate in their philosophy, and some of their philosophy and ideas are still in use today.

Arts and Crafts-Jessica

The Greeks' architecture consisted of different types of columns such as the Ionic, Doric, and the Corinthian columns.
The Ionic columns are tall and skinny. The Doric columns are short and plump. The Corinthian columns are straight with designs on the top. The Greeks’ columns are reflected in today’s world too.
We have columns such as the Parthenon and the Lincoln Memorial.
There are also some examples of Corinthian columns such as the Temple of Athena and the Jefferson Monument.
Some other examples of the Greeks’ architect spreading to the United States, is the US capital in Washington DC. The capital’s columns are Corinthian, just like the Temple of Zeus.
They also did the Olympic Games. They did their Olympic Games for the gods and goddesses and now, we still play the events, but just not for the gods and goddesses.


external image wp-gallery2.php?g2_view=core.DownloadItem&g2_itemId=1012&g2_serialNumber=5 Tower of Zeus external image istockphoto_1497786_us_capitol.jpg US capital





external image A-View-of-Lincolns-Statue-Behind-Columns-at-the-Lincoln-Memorial-Photographic-Print-C10245714.jpeg Lincoln Memorial external image i-parthenon.gif



external image Washington%20Jefferson%20Memorial.JPG Lincoln Monument external image lk01a014.jpg Temple of Athena

Bibliography:

-Mr. Leong
- http://eh.net/encyclopedia/article/engen.greece
-Beck, Roger B., et al., eds. World History Patterns of Interaction . Evanston: McDougal Littel, 2003.